Correlated color temperature (CCT) is a measure of the "color" of a light source, expressed in Kelvin (K). It corresponds to the temperature of an ideal black body that would emit light of a similar "color." CCT is measured on a scale from 1,000 to 10,000 K. Different colors of light can impact our mood and behavior.
The Color Temperature Scale is a way of measuring the color of light. It is measured in Kelvins (K), and it is a scale from red to blue. The lower the Kelvin value, the more red the light is. The higher the Kelvin value, the more blue the light is.
Kelvin is a scale used to measure color temperature, typically ranging from 1,000 to 10,000. Lower Kelvin values indicate warmer light, while higher Kelvin values indicate cooler and bluish light.
Color temperatures can be determined using a colorimeter, which analyzes white light and separates it into constituent colors. Each of these colors is then assigned a corresponding value on the Kelvin scale.
In addition to considering the type of light bulb, utilizing Kelvin temperature can assist in selecting the appropriate fixture for different settings. Whether you require a light bulb for ambient lighting or focused tasks, the following Kelvin ranges can serve as a helpful guide:
Warm and Cozy Ambiance: (2200K-2700K): These Kelvin ranges can create a comfortable atmosphere in living spaces, bedrooms, and dining areas.
Neutral White (3000K-3500K): Falling within this range, this Kelvin temperature provides a well-balanced and adaptable lighting solution which is preferred for general lighting purposes in offices, kitchens, and retail environments.
Cool White (4000K-4500K): With a higher Kelvin range, this lighting temperature promotes focus and concentration making it suitable for task-oriented areas such as workstations, garages, and workshops.
Daylight and Outdoor Lighting(5000K-6500K): This Kelvin range effectively emulates daylight and is widely employed for outdoor lighting or areas demanding maximum brightness and clarity. It is especially suitable for illuminating stadiums, parking lots, and outdoor recreational spaces.
By considering the Kelvin temperature, you can ensure that the light fixture complements the intended purpose and ambiance of the space.
Find more details for the color temperature application in the chart below:
Correlated Color Temperature
A warm white light
2200K-3000K is best for the living room since it creates a cozy, inviting atmosphere that helps you relax and unwind.
Warm white light with a color temperature between
2200K-3000K is ideal since a relaxing and comfortable environment is needed for a bedroom.
The kitchen is where people want to feel energized and inspired because they spend time with friends and family. A color temperature of
3000K-5000K will help achieve this goal.
A color temperature of
3000K-5000K will help create an atmosphere that makes us feel relaxed and rejuvenated.
An office is a place where people need concentration and focus. In this environment, a color temperature that is not too stimulating is quite important, as this can lead to distraction and decreased productivity. A cool white or daylight color temperature
(3000K-5500K) is typically best for an office setting.
If the restaurant creates a cozy, romantic atmosphere, try using bulbs with a lower color temperature around
2700K. This will also be a good choice if the restaurant has dark wood floors and furniture, as the warm light will help to create a cohesive look.
For a brighter, more energetic space, go for a higher color temperature, around
3500K-4100K. This will make the restaurant feel clean and modern and is a good choice if you have white walls and lots of natural light.
A cool white light (around 6000K) is best for a shop because it can make the space seem bright and clean. But note that you can also choose a warmer CTT(2700-4000k), all up to your shop design.
Warm color temperature (2700K – 3000K): The light is close to the natural light at dusk. It creates a warm and inviting atmosphere.
Color temperatures of around
2200K-2700K are often used in guest rooms, as they provide a warm and inviting feeling.
Neutral white (3500K – 4500K): The light in the middle of the day. It is bright and energetic without being harsh.
The color temperature of light in a classroom should be between
3500-4000K to help students stay awake and alert.
Dining rooms at schools are often lit by neutral white (2700-3500K)